In this study, we tried to find out the efficacy of reflexology in prevention of post-operative nausea and vomiting. Different types of methods have been used for prevention of post-operative nausea and vomiting.
Conventional Method-Antiemetic-emeset (2-4 mg). Promethazine (12.5-25 mg), Metaclopromide (25-50 mg) non-conventional method-acupressure, acupuncture, and reflexology.
The purpose of the paper is to find the efficacy of reflexology in patients with postoperative nausea and vomiting after general surgery. The method is that 60 adult patients of general surgery from The All India Institute of Medical Science over the period of 2001-2005. Patients were divided randomly into two groups: Group I: Reflexology group (foot reflexology and required quantity of standard drugs) and Group II: Control group (standard quantity of standard drugs).
Standard drugs included: Metaclopromide (25-50 mg), emeset (2-4 mg). Promethazine (12.5-25 mg). V and Nausea and vomiting score was measured at a time interval of 0 hr (is time which patient as shifted to recovery room), 2 hrs, 6 hrs, 24 hrs. 0, 1, 2, 3, numbering has been used for nausea and vomiting.
The result is that Group I showed a significant decrease and absolutely significance in decreasing of nausea and vomiting scores and the requirement and quantity of drugs in Group I as compared to Group II. The discussion is that under the most circumstances nausea vomiting and pain causes, the greater amount of suffering. Particularly, after general surgery, the effect of foot reflexology causes a very significant reduction of nausea vomiting score and antiemetics in Group I in comparison with Group II in post-operative patients of general surgery.
Keywords: Reflex Point, Pressure Mechanism, Receptors, Neuro, Electro, Chemical Transmission